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Pomegranate aphid, Aphis punicae Passarini (Hom., Aphididae) is an important pest of pomegranate in Iran. Predators play critical role in natural control of the pest. In this study, seasonal population dynamics of the aphid predators were investigated during two years (2016/2017) in Ilam province, southwest of Iran. Samplings were bi-weekly performed in an experimental pomegranate orchard. Four insect predators, Coccinella septempunctata L., Oenopia congelobata L. (Col., Coccinellidae), Xanthogramma pedisseguum Haris (Dip., Syrphidae) and Chrysoperla carnea Stephens (Neu., Chryspidae) were identified as predators of A. punicae in Ilam. The natural enemies occurred during March to May in both years. The highest and the lowest densities were belong to X. pedisseguum and O. congelobata, respectively. Results of the study can be used for developing integrated pest management program of A. punicae in pomegranate orchards.
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