Guidelines for Authors
Manuscript will be carefully scrutinized for evidence of plagiarism, duplication and data manipulation; in particular, images will be carefully examined for any indication of intentional improper modification.
Any suspected misconduct ends up with a quick rejection and is then reported to the US Office of Research Integrity.
Ensure that your work is written in correct English before submission. Professional copyediting can help authors improve the presentation of their work and increase its chances of being taken on by a publisher. In case you feel that your manuscript would benefit from a professional a professional English language copyediting checking language grammar and style, you can find a reliable revision service at:
The Corresponding Author must submit the manuscript online-only through our Manuscript Submission System.
Authors are kindly invited to suggest potential reviewers (names, affilitations and email addresses) for their manuscript, if they wish.
Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are strongly advised to have their manuscript checked by a language editing service, or by an English mother-tongue colleague prior to submission. As an option, PAGEPress offers its own professional copyediting service. Professional copyediting can help authors improve the presentation of their work and increase its chances of being taken on by a publisher. In case you feel that your manuscript needs a professional English language copyediting checking language grammar and style, PAGEPress offers a chargeable revision service in a few days. This service is available as well to authors who do not submit their manuscript to our journals. Please contact us to get more detailed information on this service. Manuscripts presented at the AIVI National Congress must include an Italian title and summary. These manuscripts can be classified as: Original articles (corresponding to Lavori Scientifici), Applied studies (corresponding to Contributi Pratici), or Short Communications (corresponding to Posters). Articles classification must be specified within the article itself.
IMPORTANT: When preparing your manuscript, please make sure that lines are left numbered in continuum, to make the referees’ work easier.
The first page must contain:
- English running title of no more than 50 letters;
- English title (lowercase), without acronyms;
- first name and family name of each author, separated by commas;
- names of affiliation(s) of each author translated in English;
- full name and full postal address of the corresponding author. Phone, fax number and e-mail address for the correspondence should also be included;
- three to five key words, where the first letter of each key word is capitalized and key words are separated by commas. The second page should contain the disclosures about potential conflict of interests, and funding.
If tables are used, they should be double-spaced on separate pages. They should be numbered and cited in the text of the manuscript.
If figures are used, they must be submitted as .tiff or .jpg files as supplementary files, with the following digital resolution:
- color (saved as CMYK): minimum 300 dpi;
- black and white/grays: minimum 600 dpi;
- one column width (8.5 cm) or 2 column widths (17.5 cm).
A different caption for each figure must be provided at the end of the manuscript, not included in the figure file.
If abbreviations are used in the text, authors are required to write full name+abbreviation in brackets [e.g. Multiple Myeloma (MM)] the first time they are used, then only abbreviations can be written (apart from titles; in this case authors have to write always the full name).
If nomenclature is used, italics is adopted to designate genus, species, botanical varieties and words in Latin (e.g.: et al.) or other languages. For genes, loci and alleles nomenclature use italics and refer to the website: http://www.gene.ucl.ac.uk/nomenclature.
If units of measurements are used, they should be those recommended by the International System of Units (SI). Please check this website (https://www.bipm.org) for the English text, and this website (http://www.science.unitn.it/~labdid/sisint/si1_home/si_home.html) for the Italian text.
Original Articles (4000 words max, abstract 250 words max, 30 references max, no more than 4 tables and/or figures): In general, this kind of publication should be divided into an Abstract (written in English), Introduction/Introduzione, Materials and Methods/Materiali e Metodi, Results/Risultati, Discussion/Discussione, Conclusions/Conclusioni and References/Bibliografia. A maximum of 20 authors is permitted and additional authors should be listed in an ad hoc Appendix.
Reviews (10,000 words max, abstract 250 words max, minimum 40 references, 3/5 tables and/or figures): They should be introduced by a general summary of content in the form of an Abstract (written in English). Following a short introduction, putting the study into context and defining the aim, reviews will concentrate on the most recent developments in the field. A review should clearly describe the search strategy followed (key words, inclusion, exclusion criteria, search engines, ...). No particular format is required; headings should be used to designate the major divisions of the paper.
Short Communications (about 2000 words, abstract 150 words max, 20 references max, 3 tables and/or figures): Short reports of results from original researches. They should be introduced by a general summary of content in the form of an Abstract (written in English) and should be further divided into Introduction/Introduzione, Materials and Methods/Materiali e Metodi, Results/Risultati, Discussion/Discussione, Conclusions/Conclusioni and References/Bibliografia. They must provide conclusive findings: preliminary observations or incomplete findings cannot be considered for publication.
Letters to the Editor (700 words max): These are written on invitation, short essays that express the authors’ viewpoint, may respond to published manuscripts in our journals, or deliver information or news regarding an issue related to the Journal scope. If the letter relates to a published manuscript, the authors of the original manuscript will be given the opportunity to provide a response. Authors of Letters to the Editor should provide a short title.
Applied Studies (about 4000 words, abstract 150 words max, 20 references max, no more than 4 tables and/or figures): Studies describing observations on specific cases, including adverse effects of drugs or outcomes of a specific treatment; studies on the application of a legistlation; case studies. They should be divided into: Abstract (written in English), Introduction/Introduzione (optional), Case Report(s)/Case Report, Discussion/Discussione, Conclusions/Conclusioni and References/Bibliografia.
Risk Assessment Terminology (about 2000 words, abstract 150 words max, 20 references max, 3 tables and/or figures): No particular format is required for these articles. They must provide explanations of terms related to risk assessment. Also, comparisons of words in different languages yet designating similar concepts are also welcome. Indeed, the ultimate goal of these papers is to try and create a glossary the most coherent possible, thus overcoming jargon and language barriers. These articles should be signed by no more than 10 authors.
Challenge Test and Microbiological Characterisation of Local Products (about 2000 words, abstract 150 words max, 20 references max, 3 tables and/or figures): No particular format is required for these articles. They must provide conclusive findings on microbiology of food products and shelf life tests. Data must play a pivotal role: they must be correctly selected and presented. Preliminary observations or incomplete findings cannot be considered for publication.
Food Safety Economics (about 5000 words, abstract 150 words max, 20 references max, 3 tables and/or figures): No particular format is required for these articles. Subject matter areas include: contributing to setting the public health goal, integrating economics into farm-to-table risk assessment, measuring the value of food safety improvements, analysing food safety regulation from an economic perspective, estimating the economic burden of foodborne disease, contributing to designing policy innovation in the food safety area, assessing food safety regulation and transparency in international trade, managing and marketing food quality. These papers should be signed by no more than 10 authors. International, cross-country comparative, and within-country studies are welcome.
Book Reviews (no abstract, no references needed): They should be a short critical analysis and evaluation of the quality, meaning, and significance of a short book which addressed at least one of main topics of the Journal (the authors should contact the Editor-in-Chief of the journal for his/her approval before submitting a Book review).
For further details on the specific layout to follow for the different types of papers published by the Journal, please refer to the Section Policies.
Citations are listed in strict alphabetical order by first author’ last names. Use capital and lower case letters for authors’ names. If all authors are identical for two or more citations, chronological order of publication should dictate the order of citations. When more than one paper in a given year is listed by authors whose names are in the same order in each paper, the papers are arranged in alphabetical order of the paper title. In this case, citations must be differentiated by using different letters in both the text and the References section. References to personal communications and unpublished data should not be incorporated in the text nor placed in the References section. Where available, URLs for the references should be provided directly within the MS-Word document.
References in the References section must be prepared as follows:
- title style: sentence case; please use a capital letter only for the first word of the title;
- journal titles mentioned in the References list should be abbreviated according to the following websites:
- ISI Journal Abbreviations Index (http://library.caltech.edu/reference/abbreviations/);
- Biological Journals and Abbreviations (http://home.ncifcrf.gov/research/bja/);
- Medline List of Journal Titles (ftp://ftp.ncbi.nih.gov/pubmed/J_Medline.txt);
- never put month and day in the last part of the references;
- cite only the volume (not the issue in brackets);
Standard journal article
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, 2002. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med 347:284-7.
Christensen S, Oppacher F, 2002. An analysis of Koza’s computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, eds. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming, 2002 Apr 3-5, Kinsdale, Ireland. Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp 182-91.
Article with organization as author
Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group, 2002. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension 40:679-86.
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA, 2002. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. Mosby, St. Louis, MO, USA.
Bjørn Lomborg, ed. 2012. RethinkHIV - Smarter ways to invest in ending HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM, 2002. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, eds. The genetic basis of human cancer. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, pp 93-113.
IMPORTANT: please make sure to cite each Regulation in the Reference list by following the examples below.
ISO, 2002. Microbiology of food and animal feeding stuffs. Horizontal method for the detection of Salmonella spp. ISO Norm 6579:2002. International Standardization Organization ed., Geneva, Switzerland.
European Commission, 2004. Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 laying down specific hygiene rules for on the hygiene of foodstuffs, 853/2004/CE. In: Official Journal, L 139/55, 30/04/2004.
UNI, 2001. UNI U590A2520 Norm. [Analisi sensoriale. Metodo triangolare]. [Regulation in Italian]. Italian Unification Institute ed., Milan, Italy.
All manuscripts submitted to our journal are critically assessed by external and/or in-house experts in accordance with the principles of peer review (http://www.icmje.org/#peer), which is fundamental to the scientific publication process and the dissemination of sound science. Each paper is first assigned by the Editors to an appropriate Associate Editor who has knowledge of the field discussed in the manuscript. The first step of manuscript selection takes place entirely in-house and has two major objectives: i) to establish the article appropriateness for our journals readership; ii) to define the manuscript priority ranking relative to other manuscripts under consideration, since the number of papers that the journal receives is much greater than it can publish. If a manuscript does not receive a sufficiently high priority score to warrant publication, the editors will proceed to a quick rejection. The remaining articles are reviewed by at least two different external referees (second step or classical peer review). Manuscripts should be prepared according to the Uniform Requirements established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (http://www.icmje.org/#prepare).
Authorship and Contributorship
All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship according to the ICMJE criteria. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credit should only be based on substantial contributions to: i) conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data, and to ii) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and on iii) final approval of the version to be published; and iv) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Authors should provide a brief description of their individual contributions. Those who do not meet all four criteria should not be listed as authors, but they should be acknowledged. Those whose contributions do not justify authorship may be acknowledged individually or together as a group under a single heading. Authors can find detailed information on the Publisher's web site.
Obligation to Register Clinical Trials
The ICMJE believes that it is important to foster a comprehensive, publicly available database of clinical trials. The ICMJE defines a clinical trial as any research project that prospectively assigns human subjects to intervention or concurrent comparison or control groups to study the cause-and-effect relationship between a medical intervention and a health outcome. Medical interventions include drugs, surgical procedures, devices, behavioral treatments, process-of-care changes, etc. Our journals require, as a condition of consideration for publication, registration in a public trials registry. The journal considers a trial for publication only if it has been registered before the enrollment of the first patient. The journal does not advocate one particular registry, but requires authors to register their trial in a registry that meets several criteria. The registry must be accessible to the public at no charge. It must be open to all prospective registrants and managed by a non-profit organization. There must be a mechanism to ensure the validity of the registration data, and the registry should be electronically searchable. An acceptable registry must include a minimum of data elements (http://www.icmje.org/about-icmje/faqs/clinical-trials-registration/). For example, ClinicalTrials.gov (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov), sponsored by the United States National Library of Medicine, meets these requirements.
Protection of Human Subjects and Animals in Research
When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2013. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. An Informed Consent statement is always required from patients involved in any experiments. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. Further guidance on animal research ethics is available from the World Medical Association (2016 revision). When reporting experiments on ecosystems involving non-native species, Authors are bound to ensure compliance with the institutional and national guide for the preservation of native biodiversity.