The effect of the American Society of Anesthesiology classification scores on complications associated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy

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Erdem Kisa *
Cem Yücel
Salih Budak
Murat Ucar
Mehmet Zeynel Keskin
Ozgur Cakmak
Gokhan Koc
Zafer Kozacioglu
(*) Corresponding Author:
Erdem Kisa | drerdemkisa@hotmail.com

Abstract

Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the effect of American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) classification scoring and age on complications and surgical outcomes during and after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) operation.
Material and methods: The records of 263 patients, above the age of 18 years, that underwent PCNL surgery between October 2014 and May 2017 were evaluated retrospectively. The patients were divided into three groups based on their ASA risk scores (ASA 1, 2, 3) and into two groups based on their age (younger and older than 65 years). Postoperative complications were assessed according to the ASA groups and age and according to the Clavien classification system.
Results: The number of patients in the ASA 1, 2, and 3 groups were 97 (36.8%), 131 (49.8%) and 35 (13.3%), respectively. Four patients in ASA4 were not included in the study. There was no significant difference in ASA 1, 2, 3 groups in terms of changes in Hgb values, mean duration of operation, and mean hospital stay. When ASA1 was compared to ASA3 and ASA2 was compared to ASA3, there was no significant difference in the incidence of all complication rates. There were 159 (60.4%) patients in the young group and 104 (39.5%) patients in the elderly group. Postoperative PCNL complications of these 2 groups were compared according to Clavien classification system and no significant difference was found in incidence of complications.
Conclusions: We believe that PCNL operation can be performed effectively and safely in both ASA3 patients and patients above the age of 65 years.

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