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Prospective study to compare antibiosis versus the association of N-acetylcysteine, D-mannose and Morinda citrifolia fruit extract in preventing urinary tract infections in patients submitted to urodynamic investigation

Giovanni Palleschi, Antonio Carbone, Pier Paolo Zanello, Rita Mele, Antonino Leto, Andrea Fuschi, Yazan Al Salhi, Gennaro Velotti, Samer Al Rawashdah, Gianluca Coppola, Angela Maurizi, Serena Maruccia, Antonio L. Pastore
  • Giovanni Palleschi
    Unit of Urology, Department of Sciences and Medico Surgical Biotechnologies, Sapienza, University of Rome, Uroresearch Association, Latina, Italy
  • Antonio Carbone
    Unit of Urology, Department of Sciences and Medico Surgical Biotechnologies, Sapienza, University of Rome, Uroresearch Association, Latina, Italy
  • Pier Paolo Zanello
    Researcher in Microbiology and Virology, Deakos Consultant, Italy
  • Rita Mele
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
  • Antonino Leto
    Unit of Urology, Department of Sciences and Medico Surgical Biotechnologies, Sapienza, University of Rome, Uroresearch Association, Latina, Italy
  • Andrea Fuschi
    Unit of Urology, Department of Sciences and Medico Surgical Biotechnologies, Sapienza, University of Rome, Uroresearch Association, Latina, Italy
  • Yazan Al Salhi
    Unit of Urology, Department of Sciences and Medico Surgical Biotechnologies, Sapienza, University of Rome, Uroresearch Association, Latina, Italy
  • Gennaro Velotti
    Unit of Urology, Department of Sciences and Medico Surgical Biotechnologies, Sapienza, University of Rome, Uroresearch Association, Latina, Italy
  • Samer Al Rawashdah
    Urology Unit, Special Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mutah University, Karak, Jordan
  • Gianluca Coppola
    Unit of Urology, Department of Sciences and Medico Surgical Biotechnologies, Sapienza, University of Rome, Uroresearch Association, Latina, Italy
  • Angela Maurizi
    Unit of Urology, Department of Sciences and Medico Surgical Biotechnologies, Sapienza, University of Rome, Uroresearch Association, Latina, Italy
  • Serena Maruccia
    Unit of Urology, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato Milanese, Milano, Italy
  • Antonio L. Pastore
    Unit of Urology, Department of Sciences and Medico Surgical Biotechnologies, Sapienza, University of Rome, Uroresearch Association, Latina, Italy | antopast@hotmail.com

Abstract

Background: The abuse of antimicrobical drugs has increased the resistance of microorganisms to treatments, thus to make urinary tract infections (UTIs) more difficult to eradicate. Among natural substances used to prevent UTI, literature has provided preliminary data of the beneficial effects of D-mannose, N-acetylcysteine, and Morinda citrifolia fruit extract, due to their complementary mechanism of action which contributes respectively to limit bacteria adhesion to the urothelium, to destroy bacterial pathogenic biofilm, and to the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity. The purpose of this study was to compare the administration of an association of D-mannose, N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and Morinda citrifolia extract versus antibiotic therapy in the prophylaxis of UTIs potentially associated with urological mini-invasive diagnostics procedures, in clinical model of the urodynamic investigation. Methods: 80 patients eligible for urodynamic examination, 42 men and 38 women, have been prospectively enrolled in the study and randomised in two groups (A and B) of 40 individuals. Patients of group A followed antibiotic therapy with Prulifloxacine, by mouth 400 mg/day for 5 days, while patients of the group B followed the association of mannose and NAC therapy, two vials/day for 7 days. Ten days after the urodynamic study, the patients were submitted to urine examination and urine culture. Results: The follow up assessment didn't show statistical significant difference between the two groups regarding the incidence of UTI. Conclusions: The association of mannose and NAC therapy resulted similar to the antibiotic therapy in preventing UTIs in patients submitted to urodynamic examination. This result leads to consider the possible use of these nutraceutical agents as a good alternative in the prophylaxis of the UTI afterwards urological procedures in urodynamics.

Keywords

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI); D-mannose - N-acetylcysteine (NAC); Urodynamic; Biofilm

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Submitted: 2016-07-24 11:38:59
Published: 2017-03-31 00:00:00
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