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Do cigarette and alcohol affect semen analysis?

Mehmet Zeynel Keskin, Salih Budak, Saim Gubari, Kalender Durmaz, Mehmet Yoldas, Orcun Celik, Evrim Emre Aksoy, Yusuf Ozlem Ilbey
  • Mehmet Zeynel Keskin
    Urologic Clinic, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Urology Clinic, Izmir, Turkey | zeynel_akd@hotmail.com
  • Salih Budak
    Urologic Clinic, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Urology Clinic, Izmir, Turkey
  • Saim Gubari
    Assisted Reproductive Techniques Department, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
  • Kalender Durmaz
    Urologic Clinic, Yenişehir State Hospital, Turkey
  • Mehmet Yoldas
    Urologic Clinic, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Urology Clinic, Izmir, Turkey
  • Orcun Celik
    Urologic Clinic, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Urology Clinic, Izmir, Turkey
  • Evrim Emre Aksoy
    Urologic Clinic Kırkagac State Hospital, Turkey
  • Yusuf Ozlem Ilbey
    Urologic Clinic, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Urology Clinic, Izmir, Turkey

Abstract

Objectives: There are a number of studies about the effect of cigarette and alcohol on semen parameters in the literature. There is not a consensus on the relationship between use of cigarette and alchol and semen parameters in those studies. The number of studies in which cigarette and alcohol use are evaluated together is limited. This study was aimed to analyze the effect of cigarette and/or alcohol use on semen parameters. Methods: In this prospective study, 762 patients who applied to an hospital urology polyclinic between January 2015 and March 2015 due to infertility, were questioned for alcohol and cigarette use in anamnesis. The remaining 356 patients were included in our study. Then, semen analysis of the patients was performed. The patients were divided into five groups according to cigarette use, into five groups according to alcohol use and into four groups according to cigarette and/or alcohol use. Significant differences were analyzed between the groups in terms of semen volume, semen concentration, total motility, forward motility and morphological (normality, head anomaly, neck anomaly, tail anomaly) values. Results: According to cigarette use, only in group 4 (who use more than 20 package-years cigarette) semen volume was significantly lower than the control group (Mann-Whitney U, p = 0.009). There was no significant difference in any of the other parameters and groups compared with the control group (Mann-Whitney U, p > 0,05) Conclusion:According to our study, using more than 20 package- years cigarette decreases semen volume. The reason of this result might be the fact that the threshold value, from which the effect of cigarette and alcohol use on the semen parameters has to be determined.

Keywords

Alcohol; Infertility; Semen analysis; Cigarette

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Submitted: 2015-10-16 15:41:52
Published: 2016-03-31 00:00:00
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Copyright (c) 2016 Mehmet Zeynel Keskin, Salih Budak, Saim Gubari, Kalender Durmaz, Mehmet Yoldas, Orcun Celik, Evrim Emre Aksoy, Yusuf Ozlem Ilbey

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