Evaluating the correlation between chemical and sensory compounds in Blaufränkisch and Cabernet Franc wines

  • Irina Balga | balgairina@gmail.com Department of Chemistry, Wine Chemistry and Winery, Food Science Institute, Eszterházy Károly College, Eger, Hungary.
  • Attila Kiss Department of Chemistry, Wine Chemistry and Winery, Food Science Institute, Eszterházy Károly College, Eger, Hungary.
  • Lajos Gál Centre of Wine Culture, Eszterházy Károly College, Eger, Hungary.
  • Annamária Leskó Department of Oenology, Institute of Viticulture and Oenology, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary.
  • Miklós Kállay Department of Oenology, Institute of Viticulture and Oenology, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary.

Abstract

The positive physiological effects of the bioactive compounds of red wines have been known for a long time. Besides that, the polyphenolic compounds of red wines represent one of the most important factors for oenology. With a special chemical analysis, we discover the relationship between chemical and sensory compounds. In this way, we explore which compounds influence sensory properties. The phenolic compounds are the quality attributes of the wine. The analysis of phenolic compounds was carried out in two red wines: Cabernet Franc and Blaufränkisch. The aim of this study was to analyse the chemical and organoleptic characteristics of these two wines and evaluate the connection between the two parameters. In addition, we also examined the influence of the polyphenolic content on sensory perception. The experiment was carried out in a cool climate wine region in Eger, Hungary, in vintage of 2008. We investigated the profile of phenolic contents in new and aged wines. Total polyphenolic content, anthocyanin, leucoanthocyanin and catechin were evaluated by spectrophotometer. Stilbenes were identified and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography.

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Published
2014-12-17
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Original Articles
Supporting Agencies
Irina Balga, Eszterházy Károly College, Food Science Institute, Leányka Street 6/G, Eger-3300, Hungary, Tel. 36-36-520-400/4402, Fax, 36-36-523-464,
Keywords:
polyphenols, organoleptic attribute, Cabernet Franc, Blaufränkisch
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How to Cite
Balga, I., Kiss, A., Gál, L., Leskó, A., & Kállay, M. (2014). Evaluating the correlation between chemical and sensory compounds in Blaufränkisch and Cabernet Franc wines. Wine Studies, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/ws.2014.4469