Veins and Lymphatics <p><strong>Veins and Lymphatics</strong> is an online-only, international, Open Access peer-reviewed journal which publishes scientific papers about venous and lymphatic diseases. Open issues and debates about epidemiology, anatomy, pathophysiology, etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of vein and lymphatic diseases are constantly present in our project. <a href="/index.php/vl/about">Read more</a></p> <p>This journal does not apply the article processing charge&nbsp;to Authors as it is supported by private funds.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p><strong>PAGEPress</strong> has chosen to apply the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License</strong></a>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.<br><br> An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:</p> <ol> <li class="show">the author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.</li> <li class="show">a complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.</li> </ol> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> (Paola Granata) (Tiziano Taccini) Wed, 04 Mar 2020 16:51:22 +0000 OJS 60 Three patterns of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in Ménière syndrome patients: Diagnosis and treatment options <p>Identification techniques of the three different chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency patterns and related treatment options are in an initial phase of evaluation and analysis. Our purpose is to describe the appropriate management, proposing a tailored approach for each one. We identified three different Ménière syndrome patients in our Audiology Department, diagnosing the corresponding chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency pattern by Echo-color Doppler ultrasound evaluation and treating by venous angioplasty or rehabilitative treatment according to the internal jugular and vertebral veins anomalies found in each patient. According to the pattern, after specific treatment, echo-color-Doppler control analysis revealed a normalized venous outflow correlated to Ménière symptoms reduction and/or progressive disappearance during one year follow up. An adequate analysis of venous cerebral and ear outflow and a tailored treatment may represent an effective option when chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency is correctly diagnosed.</p> Aldo Messina, Girolamo Garofalo, Antonella Faletra, Davide Piraino ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 07 Apr 2020 10:39:39 +0000 Technical note for post processing of jugular venous pulse, central venous pressure and velocity trace <p>In this paper an original reasoning about the post processing elaboration of medical studies is presented. The aim is to suggest a method to extrapolate numerical information from clinical images. The here described elaboration is referred to ultrasound examination of internal jugular veins and central venous pressure (CVP) measures. Firstly, the operator has to collect clinical images following precise indications, then specific techniques are applied to analyze the stored data and extrapolate quantifiable measures. Analyzing the studies with ImageJ software, jugular venous pulse, velocity, CVP and electrocardiogram traces can be drown in detail. Then, significant details can be highlighted using Matlab software. Finally, using R software, the traces can be cropped, aligned and synchronized together. The obtained results allow the operator to compare different kinds of traces of the same subject, or the same type of traces between a particular group of subjects. Before using these contents, everyone is invited to verify the accuracy of assumptions, calculations and conclusions.</p> Valentina Tavoni ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 31 Mar 2020 08:55:13 +0000 Podoconiosis, a neglected lymphatic tropical disease <p>Podoconiosis causes a painful massive swelling of the lower limbs, bilaterally and asymmetrically. It is caused by exposure to particles common in soils of volcanic origin and is second only to lymphatic filariasis as the leading cause of tropical lymphoedema. An estimated 4 million people live with podoconiosis globally in 32 potentially endemic countries. Podoconiosis is associated with positive family history of podoconiosis, bare foot, gender, poor housing condition, foot hygiene, income and educational status of the affected patients. There are also cultural barriers involved in maintaining a high epidemiology of the disease. Podoconiosis was never been prioritized either in intervention or research programmes. This may be due to the lack of resources for new health initiatives, which is a common problem in the low-income tropical countries in which this disease is present. Only Ethiopia, Cameroon, and Rwanda report podoconiosis within their routine health management information systems.We believe that comprehensive podoconiosis control strategies such as promotion of footwear and personal hygiene are urgently needed in endemic countries in the African Region. Mapping, active surveillance and a systematic approach to the monitoring of disease burden must accompany the implementation of podoconiosis control activities.</p> Paolo Zamboni, Mirko Tessari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 25 Mar 2020 12:08:41 +0000