Venous and glymphatic drainage of the brain: Brief history of the International Society for Neurovascular Disease

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Ewart Mark Haacke *
Meiyun Wang
Xiaoyue Ma
David Utriainen
(*) Corresponding Author:
Ewart Mark Haacke |


The International Society of Neurovascular Diseases is an International, Interdisciplinary Scientific Organization (ISNVD: devoted to the study of intracranial and extracranial vasculature. Different from other scientific societies, ISNVD is interested also in the investigation of the cerebral drainage, including the venous and glymphatic systems. Moreover, ISNVD promotes studies on: stroke, carotid surgery, neurovascular aspects of neurodegeneration, models of circulation, vasoactive peptides, and basic science. This review summarizes the contribution of the society to the fields above, as well as the history of the annual meetings and the major impact papers promoted by ISNVD.

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