Nanobiomaterials for vascular biology and wound management: A review

  • Ajay Vikram Singh | avsingh@is.mpg.de Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Stuttgart, Germany.
  • Donato Gemmati Hemostasis & Thrombosis Center, University Hospital of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.
  • Anurag Kanase Molecules in Motion Pvt. Ltd, Pune, India.
  • Ishan Pandey Department of Microbiology, Motilal Nehru Medical College, Allahabad, India.
  • Vatsala Misra Department of Pathology, Motilal Nehru Medical College, Allahabad, India.
  • Vimal Kishore Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Stuttgart, Germany.
  • Timotheus Jahnke Institute for Materials Science, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany.
  • Joachim Bill Institute for Materials Science, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany.

Abstract

Nanobiomaterials application into tissue repair and ulcer management is experiencing its golden age due to spurring diversity of translational opportunity to clinics. Over the past years, research in clinical science has seen a dramatic increase in medicinal materials at nanoscale those significantly contributed to tissue repair. This chapter outlines the new biomaterials at nanoscale those contribute state of the art clinical practices in ulcer management and wound healing due to their superior properties over traditional dressing materials. Designing new recipes for nanobiomaterials for tissue engineering practices spanning from micro to nano-dimension provided an edge over traditional wound care materials those mimic tissue in vivo. Clinical science stepped into design of artificial skin and extracellular matrix components emulating the innate structures with higher degree of precision. Advances in materials sciences polymer chemistry have yielded an entire class of new nanobiomaterials ranging from dendrimer to novel electrospun polymer with biodegradable chemistries and controlled molecular compositions assisting wound healing adhesives, bandages and controlled of therapeutics in specialized wound care. Moreover, supportive regenerative medicine is transforming into rational, real and successful component of modern clinics providing viable cell therapy of tissue remodeling. Soft nanotechnology involving hydrogel scaffold revolutionized the wound management supplementing physicobiochemical and mechanical considerations of tissue regeneration. Moreover, this chapter also reviews the current challenges and opportunities in specialized nanobiomaterials formulations those are desirable for optimal localized wound care considering their in situ physiological microenvironment.

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Published
2018-02-20
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Section
Review Articles
Keywords:
Venous leg ulcer, nanomaterials, hydrogel, dendrimers, organ-on-chip.
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How to Cite
Singh, A. V., Gemmati, D., Kanase, A., Pandey, I., Misra, V., Kishore, V., Jahnke, T., & Bill, J. (2018). Nanobiomaterials for vascular biology and wound management: A review. Veins and Lymphatics, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/vl.2018.7196