Hemoglobin disorders in Europe: a systematic effort of identifying and addressing unmet needs and challenges by the Thalassemia International Federation

  • Michael Angastiniotis Thalassaemia International Federation, Nicosia, Cyprus, Cyprus.
  • Lily Cannon Thalassaemia International Federation, Nicosia, Cyprus, Cyprus.
  • Eleni Antoniou Thalassaemia International Federation, Nicosia, Cyprus, Cyprus.
  • Angelo Loris Brunetta Thalassaemia International Federation, Nicosia, Cyprus, Cyprus.
  • George Constantinou Thalassaemia International Federation, Nicosia, Cyprus, Cyprus.
  • Eva Maria Knoll Institute for Social Anthropology, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
  • Dimitris Loukopoulos National and Kapodistrian, University of Athens Medical School and Biomedical Research Foundation of the Academy of Athens, Athens, Greece.
  • Anton Skafi Thalassaemia International Federation, Nicosia, Cyprus, Cyprus.
  • Androulla Eleftheriou | thalassaemia@cytanet.com.cy Thalassaemia International Federation, Nicosia, Cyprus, Cyprus.


Hemoglobin disorders (thalassemia and sickle cell disease) are a group of hereditary anemias that today occur across the world. The recent population movement has led to a steady increase of carriers and patients in all countries of the European Union. Requiring complex monitoring and treatment and, as a consequence, well-organized and nationally coordinated, supported and funded services, these lifelong conditions are now visible to healthcare services in the EU. The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of the current situation pertaining to these disorders, as perceived by the patient/parent community that the Thalassemia International Federation (TIF) represents. The aim is to establish a comprehensive understanding of the situation and unmet needs faced by migrants with thalassemia. The implementation of activities by TIF in 2018-2020 to identify and address these challenges, paves the way to increased awareness, education and policy changes building on international expertise and knowledge that will enable the provision of state-of-art clinical management services thus guaranteeing an improved quality of life. A bird’s eye view of the prevalence of these disorders is presented contributing to the further understanding of challenges met by both patients and healthcare professionals in the receipt and provision of quality healthcare respectively.



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Original Articles
Thalassemia, sickle cell disease, hemoglobin disorders, prevalence, migration, Europe.
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How to Cite
Angastiniotis, M., Cannon, L., Antoniou, E., Brunetta, A. L., Constantinou, G., Knoll, E. M., Loukopoulos, D., Skafi, A., & Eleftheriou, A. (2021). Hemoglobin disorders in Europe: a systematic effort of identifying and addressing unmet needs and challenges by the Thalassemia International Federation. Thalassemia Reports, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/thal.2021.9803