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Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) is a universal pathogen which causes variety of diseases that impact on people of all ages. ExPEC strains are genetically diverse and associated virulence factors contribute to the wide spectrum of infections, ranging from urinary tract infections to fatal bacteremia. During the last decade, ExPEC strains have been increasingly reported in Turkey. The development of antibiotic resistance by ExPEC strains, such as extended spectrum beta-lactamase, has important clinical consequences. Studying the distribution and virulence factors of various ExPEC strains will be enhancing our understanding of ExPEC epidemiology and prevalence.
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