Reporting epidemiology of antibiotic resistance

  • Simone Ambretti | Microbiology Unit, S.Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy.
  • Carlo Gagliotti Infectious Risk Unit, Regional Agency for Health and Social Care of Emilia-Romagna, Bologna, Italy.
  • Francesco Luzzaro Microbiology and Virology Unit, Manzoni Hospital, Lecco, Italy.
  • Paolo Malacarne Anaesthesia and Resuscitation Unit – Emergence Department, Pisa University Hospital, Pisa, Italy.
  • Angelo Pan Infectious Risk Unit, Regional Agency for Health and Social Care of Emilia-Romagna, Bologna; Infectious and Tropical Disease Division, Cremona Hospital, Cremona, Italy.
  • Barbara Pieretti Clinical Pathology Laboratory, S. Croce Hospital, Marche Nord Hospitals, Fano, Italy.
  • Carlo Tascini Infectious Disease Unit, Pisa University Hospital, Pisa, Italy.
  • Mario Sarti Provincial Clinical Microbiology Unit, Modena NOCSAE, Baggiovara, Modena Healthcare Unit, Italy.
  • Comitato CoSIAS-AMCLI


The aim of antimicrobial resistance surveillance is to monitor temporal trends and provide clinicians with data to define empirical treatment protocols. The surveillance methods adopted in different settings can be significantly different and, therefore, no reference can be made to a single set of standards. This paper outlines the main features of analysis and reporting of antimicrobial resistance data according to the guidelines issued by the US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, and the surveillance systems adopted in Europe. In this article the strengths and weaknesses of the various types of analyses will be discussed highlighting the critical aspects to be taken into account in surveillance data reporting.



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antimicrobial resistance, antibiogram, surveillance, temporal trends, reports
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How to Cite
Ambretti, S., Gagliotti, C., Luzzaro, F., Malacarne, P., Pan, A., Pieretti, B., Tascini, C., Sarti, M., & CoSIAS-AMCLI, C. (2015). Reporting epidemiology of antibiotic resistance. Microbiologia Medica, 30(2).