Reporting epidemiology of antibiotic resistance

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Simone Ambretti *
Carlo Gagliotti
Francesco Luzzaro
Paolo Malacarne
Angelo Pan
Barbara Pieretti
Carlo Tascini
Mario Sarti
(*) Corresponding Author:
Simone Ambretti |


The aim of antimicrobial resistance surveillance is to monitor temporal trends and provide clinicians with data to define empirical treatment protocols. The surveillance methods adopted in different settings can be significantly different and, therefore, no reference can be made to a single set of standards. This paper outlines the main features of analysis and reporting of antimicrobial resistance data according to the guidelines issued by the US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, and the surveillance systems adopted in Europe. In this article the strengths and weaknesses of the various types of analyses will be discussed highlighting the critical aspects to be taken into account in surveillance data reporting.

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