Examination of hepato-renal functions and lipid panel among pregnant women with preeclampsia in Sétif, Algeria
Preeclampsia (PE) is a multisystem pregnancy disease inflecting maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. This case-control study aims to determine the biochemical changes in lipid profile, hepatic and renal functions among sixty late-onset preeclamptic women compared to sixty age-matching normotensive pregnant women from the Maternity Hospital in Sétif, Algeria. Several biomarkers were collected and have been determined by appropriate kits. Association between various parameters was evaluated using Pearson’s correlation coefficient, with significance at p<0.05. The PE women showed a significant increase in serum aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyl-transferase, alkaline phosphatase, as well as total cholesterol, triglycerides, urea, uric acid, and creatinine levels. However, a significant decrease in platelets, total protein, albumin, and plasma sodium levels was found in PE group. A positive correlation between aminotransferases and renal biomarkers was observed. PE has deleterious effects on liver and renal functions, and complication’s progression could be predicted by evaluating hepatic and renal biomarkers as well as lipid profile. Further studies on maternal and neonatal outcomes in cases of PE are needed for a better understanding of this disease’s pathophysiology in Algeria.
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