Food allergens: state of the art in Piedmont region in the period 2011-2012

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Antonio Barbaro *
Francesca Rubinetti
Annamaria Galleggiante Crisafulli
Maria Cristina Radaelli
Laura Chiavacci
Daniela Manila Bianchi
Daniela Adriano
Fabio Zuccon
Sandra Fragassi
Giuseppina Buonincontro
Walter Vencia
Lucia Decastelli
(*) Corresponding Author:
Antonio Barbaro | antonio.barbaro@izsto.it

Abstract

The US National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases defines food allergy as adverse health effect arising from a specific immune response that occurs reproducibly on exposure to a given food. Undeclared allergens in food label represent a risk for consumers, as there is no therapy for food allergies. According to Directive 2003/89/EC, declaration of all ingredients and derived substances in the label is mandatory. In 2011-2012, in Piedmont region (North-western Italy) 285 food samples were analysed for β-lactoglobulin and 234 for egg proteins. The aim of this work was to analyse 2 years data in order to assess the presence of undeclared milk and egg allergenic proteins in food placed on the market checking the compliance of labeling of food allergens. Analyses were carried out with ELISA tests, both for the detection of the egg and milk proteins. β-lactoglobulin was found in 2.8% (8/286) of samples, while egg proteins in 4.7% (11/234).

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