Food shopping and food hygiene related knowledge and practices during the COVID-19 pandemic: The case of a developing country

  • Hani Dimassi School of Pharmacy, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon.
  • Rita Haddad Department of Natural Sciences, Nutrition Program, School of Arts and Sciences, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon.
  • Lama Mattar Department of Natural Sciences, Nutrition Program, School of Arts and Sciences, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon.
  • Hussein Hassan | hussein.hassan@lau.edu.lb Department of Natural Sciences, Nutrition Program, School of Arts and Sciences, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon.
  • Rana Awada Rammal Hassan Research Laboratory, Physio-toxicity Research Group, Faculty of Sciences, Lebanese University, Nabatieh; Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Agronomy, Lebanese University, Dekwaneh, Lebanon.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the level of food hygiene and food shopping knowledge and practices among residents of Lebanon during the COVID-19 pandemic, and to identify their socio-demographic determinants. A cross-sectional study was conducted through an online questionnaire composed of 13 questions about demographics, and 25 questions related to knowledge and practices in terms of hand maintenance, mask placing, and food shopping. A total of 1337 participants filled the survey. On average, participants scored 73±15 and 67±17% on food hygiene and knowledge and practices, respectively. In terms of best practices by section, they scored 77±22, 51±42, and 65±23% on hand maintenance, mask placing and shopping, respectively. Hand maintenance best practices score was significantly (p<0.05) affected by gender; mask placing best practices score was significantly affected by age and major of study; shopping best practices score was significantly affected by gender; overall best practices score was significantly affected by gender and major of study; food hygiene knowledge score was significantly affected by gender, age, marital status, educational level, and major of study. Food hygiene practices and knowledge scores were significantly (p<0.001) related with a weak correlation coefficient (R=0.114). No study has determined the food hygiene and shopping knowledge and practices during the COVID-19 pandemic in a developing country before.

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Published
2021-07-26
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Original Articles
Keywords:
Food, Hygiene, Shopping, Lebanon, COVID-19
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How to Cite
1.
Dimassi H, Haddad R, Mattar L, Hassan H, Awada R. Food shopping and food hygiene related knowledge and practices during the COVID-19 pandemic: The case of a developing country. Ital J Food Safety [Internet]. 2021Jul.26 [cited 2021Sep.27];10(2). Available from: https://pagepressjournals.org/index.php/ijfs/article/view/9384