Body image and the relation to mindfulness and self-compassion in physical education students: a cross-cultural study

  • Petra Jansen | petra.jansen@ur.de Faculty of Human Science, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.
  • Kashef Zayed Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Sultan Quaboos University, Muscat, Oman.
  • Jürgen Kittsteiner Faculty of Human Science, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Oman.

Abstract

The present study investigated the body images of Omani and German physical education students. 199 students completed a body image test, a dispositional mindfulness and a self-compassion measurement, as well as a short physical activity questionnaire. Overall, our results demonstrate that females showed a higher body distortion than males and students in Germany displayed a higher body distortion effect. Concerning mindfulness and self-compassion, students from Oman showed higher values than German students in self-compassion, but not in the dispositional mindfulness measurement. However, self-compassion and mindfulness were not related to the body distortion effect. This is the first study that provides unique data of self-compassion and mindfulness in an Arabic sample, and shows that self-compassion is higher in Omani students.

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Published
2021-01-14
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Articles
Keywords:
Self-kindness; students; mindfulness; BMI; body image, body dissatisfaction
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How to Cite
Jansen, P., Zayed, K., & Kittsteiner, J. (2021). Body image and the relation to mindfulness and self-compassion in physical education students: a cross-cultural study. Health Psychology Research, 8(3). https://doi.org/10.4081/hpr.2020.9172