Psychological morbidity a year after treatment in intensive care unit

  • George Zisopoulos | Applied Psychology Laboratory, Department of Social and Clinical Psychology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.
  • Pagona Roussi Applied Psychology Laboratory, Department of Social and Clinical Psychology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.
  • Eleni Mouloudi Intensive Care Unit, Ippokrateio General Hospital of Thessaloniki, Greece.


Several studies have linked treatment in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) with negative psychological outcomes. This study explores the prevalence of negative psychological outcomes in Greek patients (N=29), a year after treatment in ICU. Percentages of participants with anxiety [41%, 95% CI (22%, 60%)] and Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) [34%, 95% CI (16%, 53%)] symptoms were similar to the related literature. Percentages of participants with depressive [17%, 95% CI (3%, 32%)] symptoms were rather low. Only 10% of participants reported absence of quality of live issues. Anxiety symptoms were related to desire to talk about the ICU experience (p=0.010), duration of propofol administration (p=0.018) and loss of employment (p=0.019) and negatively related to duration of stay in the ICU (p=0.025). PTSD symptoms were related to experiencing other stressors during the year after the ICU stay (p=0.001), social constraint (p=0.003), duration of propofol administration (p=0.004), loss of employment (p=0.020), low income (p=0.022) and negative ICU memories (p=0.029). Depressive symptoms were related to loss of employment (p=0.003), low income (p=0.029) and social constraint (p=0.033). Patients experience elevated levels of psychological symptoms long after they are discharged from the hospital. Several psychosocial factors emerged as important factors to consider for predicting levels of distress.



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Anxiety symptoms; depressive symptoms; intensive care unit; post-traumatic stress disorder; social constraint
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How to Cite
Zisopoulos, G., Roussi, P., & Mouloudi, E. (2020). Psychological morbidity a year after treatment in intensive care unit. Health Psychology Research, 8(3).