STANDING update: A retrospective analysis in the Emergency Department one year after its validation
A structured four-step bedside algorithm, named SponTAneous Nystagmus, Direction, head Impulse test, standiNG (STANDING), has been proposed to differentiate central from peripheral acute vestibulopathy in the Emergency Department (ED). We aimed to evaluate the effective application of STANDING in the management of vertigo in the ED and to define its role in deciding the patient’s pathway after discharge. We retrospectively analysed data from 131 consecutive patients (65% female, mean age 56) undergoing ED visits for a vertigo complaint between April and May 2016. Our study showed that the STANDING algorithm is underused, being performed only in the 18% of patients. The positivity of the STANDING did not influence the choice of the following pathway (e.g. outpatient fast track or discharge). Moreover, a small percentage of patients had a non-audiological diagnosis (mainly presyncope), for which no defined pathways were yet foreseen. Our study emphasized the need for continuous updating with appropriate training courses and the importance of a multidisciplinary assessment of vertigo in the ED.
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