“NO LOAD” resistance training increases functional capacity and muscle size in hospitalized female patients: A pilot study

  • Matheus Barbalho | matheussmbarbalho@gmail.com Faculdade de Educação Física e Dança, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil.
  • Victor Silveira Coswig Faculdade de Educação Física, Universidade Federal do Pará, Castanhal, Pará, Brazil.
  • Martim Bottaro Faculdade de Educação Física, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil.
  • Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira Faculdade de Educação Física e Dança, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil.
  • Mário Hebling Campos Faculdade de Educação Física e Dança, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil.
  • Carlos Alexandre Vieira Faculdade de Educação Física e Dança, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil.
  • Paulo Gentil Faculdade de Educação Física e Dança, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2459-4977

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of resistance training performed with no external load (NLRT) versus resistance training performed with elastic bands (RTEB) on muscle hypertrophy and functional performance in hospitalized patients. Twenty hospitalized females (age, 59.05±3.2 years; height 163.6±2.5 cm; body mass 70.2±3.6 kgs) were randomly assigned to RTEB or NLRT. Both groups trained three times a week for five weeks. RTEB was performed with elastic bands, while NLRT involved maximum voluntary contractions with no external loads. Biceps brachii, triceps brachii and pectoralis muscle thickness (MT) were measured by ultrasound. Functional performance was measured by the 30s elbow flexion test. MT significantly increased in all muscles tested for both groups, with no differences between groups. Changes ranged from 14 to 38%. Functional performance significantly improved by 42.7% for NLRT and 52.1% for RTEB, with no difference between them. The present results suggest that NLRT might be an efficient, feasible and low-cost strategy to promote morphological and functional benefits in the upper limb of hospitalized patients.

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Published
2019-11-12
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Issue
Section
Strength, Conditioning & Physical Exercise - Original Articles
Keywords:
Resistance training, Physical Functional Performance, Hospitalization, Sarcopenia, Exercise Therapy
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How to Cite
Barbalho, M., Coswig, V., Bottaro, M., de Lira, C., Campos, M., Vieira, C., & Gentil, P. (2019). “NO LOAD” resistance training increases functional capacity and muscle size in hospitalized female patients: A pilot study. European Journal of Translational Myology, 29(4). https://doi.org/10.4081/ejtm.2019.8492

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