Therapeutic effects of iNOS inhibition against vitiligo in an animal model
Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in several biological processes, but its role in human melanogenesis and vitiligo need further studies. Previous studies revealed that exposure to UVA and UVB were capable of the inducing nitric oxide production in keratinocytes and melanocytes through the activation of constitutive nitric oxide synthase, whereas inducible nitric oxide synthase overexpression has been reported to play an important role in hyperpigmentary disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate iNOS inhibitor aminoguanidine (AG) as a therapeutic agent in our mouse model of vitiligo. In this study, male C57BL/6J Ler-vit/vit mice were purchased to evaluate the effect of iNOS inhibitor (aminoguanidine) (50 and 100 mg/kg) and L-arginine (100 mg/kg) in a mouse model of vitiligo induced by monobenzone 40%. Moreover, we used phototherapy device to treat the mice with NBUVB as a gold standard.The findings revealed that monobenzone was capable of inducing depigmentation after 6 weeks. However, aminoguanidine in combination with monobenzone was decrease the effect of monobenzone, while L-arginine play a key role in promoting the effect of monobenzone (P<0.001). Based on the phototherapy, the efficacy of phototherapy significantly increased by adding L-arginine (P<0.05). Taken together, we suggest that iNOS inhibitor can be a novel treatment for the prevention and treatment of vitiligo by combination of NBUVB therapy, furthermore; NO agents like L-arginine could also increase the effectiveness of phototherapy. Taken together, this pilot study showed significant repigmentation of vitiligous lesions treated with iNOS inhibitor plus NBUVB therapy, where other aspect including expression of an inducible iNOS, NO and TNF levels remained to be evaluated in mice model.
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