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The role of individual and social variables in predicting body dissatisfaction and eating disorder symptoms among Iranian adolescent girls: an expanding of the tripartite influence model

Shima Shahyad, Shahla Pakdaman, Omid Shokri, Seyed Hassan Saadat
  • Shima Shahyad
    Neuroscience Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Shahla Pakdaman
    Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Omid Shokri
    Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Seyed Hassan Saadat
    Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Lifestyle Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of | saadat350@gmail.com

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine the causal relationships between psychological and social factors, being independent variables and body image dissatisfaction plus symptoms of eating disorders as dependent variables through the mediation of social comparison and thin-ideal internalization. To conduct the study, 477 high-school students from Tehran were recruited by method of cluster sampling. Next, they filled out Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES), Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS), Self-Concept Clarity Scale (SCCS), Appearance Perfectionism Scale (APS), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Multidimensional Body Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) and Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-4). In the end, collected data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Findings showed that the assumed model perfectly fitted the data after modification and as a result, all the path-coefficients of latent variables (except for the path between self-esteem and thin-ideal internalization) were statistically significant (p<0.05). Also, in this model, 75% of scores' distribution of body dissatisfaction was explained through psychological variables, socio-cultural variables, social comparison and internalization of the thin ideal. The results of the present study provid experimental basis for the confirmation of proposed causal model. The combination of psychological, social and cultural variables could efficiently predict body image dissatisfaction of young girls in Iran. Key Words: Thin-ideal Internalization, Social comparison, Body image dissatisfaction, mediating effects model, eating disorder symptoms, psychological factors.

Keywords

Thin-ideal internalization, social comparison, body image dissatisfaction, mediating effects model, eating disorder symptoms, psychological factors

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Submitted: 2018-01-03 21:08:32
Published: 2018-03-01 12:02:52
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Copyright (c) 2018 Seyed Hassan Saadat

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