The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of four intraoperative monitoring approaches in order to compare their prognostic value in surgical complications of the facial nerve. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 25 patients with Cerebellopontine Angle (CPA) tumors, who were hospitalized in the Valiasr Hospital, affiliated to the Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. The degree of the facial nerve paralysis was assessed based on the House-Brackmann (HB) facial nerve grading system. The Orbicularis oris and Oculi muscles were evaluated by electromyography (EMG) before and after the surgery. Monitoring the facial nerve was performed by the EMG, Facial Nerve Antidromic Potentials (FNAPs), Transcranial Electrical Stimulation (TES), and Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials (BAEPs) methods. The mean HB score was 0.36.6±5.83, indicating that the function of the facial muscle was abnormal in all the patients pre-surgery. The comparison of the four monitoring approaches six months after surgery showed that the predictive value of facial nerve TES was higher than the other approaches (P<0.005). Furthemroe, 4% of the patients showed normal function in the facial muscle after the surgery. In addition, 8%, 56%, and 32% of the patients had mild abnormalities, moderate to severe paralysis in the facial muscles, and severe facial nerve dysfunction, respectively. In summary, 36% of the patients showed a mild abnormalities in the follow-up period, and full recovery was observed in 28% of the cases. In conclusion, the transcranial motor evoked potential (TCMEP) is a useful method for monitoring the facial nerve during the surgery along with the continuous EMG recordings.
Multimodal IOM, CPA tumor resection, facial nerve, acoustic nerve, predictive value