Effect of body mass and physical activity at younger age on the risk of prostatic enlargement and erectile dysfunction: Results from the 2018 #Controllati survey

  • Fabio Parazzini | fabio.parazzini@unimi.it Università degli Studi di Milano Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e di Comunità, IRCCS Policlinico, Milano, Italy.
  • Walter Artibani Società Italiana di Urologia (SIU), Roma, Italy.
  • Giuseppe Carrieri Dipartimento Nefro/Urologico Clinica Urologica e Centro Trapianti di Rene, Università degli Studi di Foggia, Italy.
  • Luca Carmignani Università degli Studi di Milano, Unità Operativa Complessa, Ospedale Policlinico San Donato, Milano, Italy.
  • Salvatore Voce Divisione di Urologia Ospedale Santa Maria delle Croci, Ravenna, Italy.

Abstract

Objective: Overweight and low physical activity (PA) increase the risk of prostatic enlargement and erectile dysfunction (ED). Less clear is the role of these factors at young age on the lifelong risk.
Materials and methods: During June 2018 the Italian Society of Urologists organized the month of Male Urologic Prevention “#Controllati”. Men aged 18 years or more were invited to attend urologic centers for a visit and counselling about urologic/ andrologic conditions. Each participating man underwent a physical examination and was asked about urologic symptoms, sexual activity and possible related problems.
Results: We analyzed data from 2786 men, aged 55.1 years (SD 10.9, range 19-97). A total of 710 (25.5%) subjects had a diagnosis of prostatic enlargement and 632 (22.7%) of DE. Overweight/obese men were at increased risk of prostatic enlargement and ED with corresponding odds ratio (0R) in comparison with normal or underweight men, being respectively 1.18 (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.00-1.44) and 1.69 (95% CI 1.39-2.05). The OR of prostatic enlargement in comparison with men reporting at age 25 a BMI < 25.0 was 1.22 (95% CI 1.01-1.51) for men with a BMI at 25 years of age ≥ 25; the corresponding OR value for ED was 1.17 (0.92- 1.48). Considering total PA at diagnosis, the OR of prostatic enlargement in comparison with no or low PA, was 0.69 (95%CI 0.55-0.86) for men reporting moderate PA and 0.75 (95%CI 0.58-0.98) for those reporting intense PA. When we considered PA at 25 years of age, the OR of subsequent diagnosis of prostatic enlargement, in comparison with men reporting no/low PA at 25 years of age was 0.81 (95%CI 0.63-1.04) for men reporting moderate PA and 0.70 (95%CI 0.52-0.99) for those reporting intense PA.
Conclusions: These findings underline the utility of encouraging healthy lifestyle habits among young men in order to reduce the subsequent risk of prostatic enlargement and ED.

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Published
2020-01-14
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Section
Original Papers - Prostate
Keywords:
Benign prostatic enlargement, Hypertension, Diabetes, Heart Disease, Body mass index, Physical activity
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How to Cite
Parazzini, F., Artibani, W., Carrieri, G., Carmignani, L., & Voce, S. (2020). Effect of body mass and physical activity at younger age on the risk of prostatic enlargement and erectile dysfunction: Results from the 2018 #Controllati survey. Archivio Italiano Di Urologia E Andrologia, 91(4), 245-250. https://doi.org/10.4081/aiua.2019.4.245

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