The impact of a structured intensive modular training in the learning curve of robot assisted radical prostatectomy

Main Article Content

Riccardo Schiavina
Marco Borghesi
Hussam Dababneh
Martina Sofia Rossi
Cristian Vincenzo Pultrone
Valerio Vagnoni
Francesco Chessa *
Lorenzo Bianchi
Angelo Porreca
Alexandre Mottrie
Eugenio Brunocilla
(*) Corresponding Author:
Francesco Chessa |


Aim: The success of Robot Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy (RALP) is mainly due to his relatively short learning curve. Twenty cases are needed to reach a “4 hours-proficiency”. However, to achieve optimal functional outcomes such as urinary continence and potency recovery may require more experience. We aim to report the perioperative and early functional outcomes of patients undergoing RALP, after a structured modular training program.
Methods: A surgeon with no previous laparoscopic or robotic experience attained a 3 month modular training including: a) e-learning; b) assistance and training to the operating table; c) dry console training; d) step by step in vivo modular training performing 40 surgical steps in increasing difficulty, under the supervision of an experienced mentor. Demographics, intraoperative and postoperative functional outcomes were recorded after his first 120 procedures, considering four groups of 30 cases.
Results: All procedures were completed successfully without conversion to open approach. Overall 19 (15%) post operative complications were observed and 84% were graded as minor (Clavien I-II). Overall operative time and console time gradually decreased during the learning curve, with statistical significance in favour of Group 4. The overall continence rate at 1 and 3 months was 74% and 87% respectively with a significant improvement in continence rate throughout the four groups (p = 0.04). Considering those patients submitted to nerve-sparing procedure we found a significant increase in potency recovery over the four groups (p = 0.04) with the higher potency recovery rate up to 80% in the last 30 cases.
Conclusions: Optimal perioperative and functional outcomes have been attained since early phase of the learning curve after an intensive structured modular training and less than 100 consecutive procedures seem needed in order to achieve optimal urinary continence and erectile function recovery.

Downloads month by month


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details