Correlation between lower urinary tract symptoms and objective measures of uroflowmetry
AbstractIndroduction: Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is the most commonly diagnosed benign adenoma which causes serious clinical symptoms by bladder outlet obstruction. BPH patients suffer from negative changes in their quality of life and restriction of their daily activities due to the disease symptoms. Our main objective in this study is to evaluate the relationship between BPH and LUTS as described by International Prostate Symptoms Score and objective non-invasive parameters related to BPH. Materials and methods: 238 Patients over 40 years with clinical BPH, LUTS and/or prostate volumes greater than 25 ml who presented to urology department were included in the study. All patients included in the study were subjected to a standardized diagnostic panel which included patient history, physical examination, biochemistry panels and urinalysis. Results: Results showed an increase in symptom scores with age. As symptom scores go from mild to severe; Qmax values showed a decrease meanwhile prostate volume, PSA and postvoid residue increased. Again, in terms of erectile dysfunction, erectile dysfunction complaints increased with increased IIEF symptom scores. When all these results were evaluated, a positive correlation was seen between uroflowmetry parameters with patient symptoms, PSA and IIEF scores. Conclusion: From our study results, we can conclude that uroflowmetry is a very useful tool in monitoring lower urinary system complaints.
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