Incidentally detection of non-palpable testicular nodules at scrotal ultrasound: What is new?

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Massimo Valentino *
Michele Bertolotto
Pasquale Martino
Libero Barozzi
Pietro Pavlica
(*) Corresponding Author:
Massimo Valentino |


The increased use of ultrasound in patients with urological and andrological symptoms has given an higher detection of intra-testicular nodules. Most of these lesions are hypoechoic and their interpretation is often equivocal. Recently, new ultrasound techniques have been developed alongside of B-mode and color-Doppler ultrasound. Although not completely standardized, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and tissue elastography (TE), added to traditional ultrasonography, can provide useful information about the correct interpretation of incidentally detected non-palpable testicular nodules. The purpose of this review article is to illustrate these new techniques in the patient management.

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