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Comparison of individuals consuming natural spring water and tap water in terms of urinary tract stone disease

Mustafa Resorlu, Muhammet Arslan, Eylem Burcu Resorlu, Murat Tolga Gulpinar, Gurhan Adam, Eyup Burak Sancak, Alpaslan Akbas, Nilufer Aylanc, Huseyin Ozdemir
  • Mustafa Resorlu
    Department of Radiology, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale, Turkey | mustafaresorlu77@gmail.com
  • Muhammet Arslan
    Department of Radiology, Vefa Hospital, Manisa, Turkey
  • Eylem Burcu Resorlu
    Department of Radiology, Canakkale State Hospital, Canakkale, Turkey
  • Murat Tolga Gulpinar
    Department of Urology, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale, Turkey
  • Gurhan Adam
    Department of Radiology, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale, Turkey
  • Eyup Burak Sancak
    Department of Urology, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale, Turkey
  • Alpaslan Akbas
    Department of Urology, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale, Turkey
  • Nilufer Aylanc
    Department of Radiology, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale, Turkey
  • Huseyin Ozdemir
    Department of Radiology, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale, Turkey

Abstract

Objectives: To compare individuals consuming natural spring water and tap water in terms of presence of urinary tract stone disease. Patients and methods: Patients were divided into two groups on the basis of the type of water: tap water (Group I) vs natural spring water consumers (Group II). The two groups were compared in terms of presence of urolithiasis. In addition to the type of water consumed, participants were investigated in terms of age, sex, occupation, body mass index (BMI) and presence of hypertension (HT) and diabetes mellitus in order to evaluate if they constituted a risk factor for urolithiasis. Results: Two hundred fifty-nine patients consuming tap water and 254 consuming natural spring water were included in this study. Presence of urinary stone disease was determined in 27% of patients in Group I and 26% of Group II (p = 0.794). At multivariate analysis involving all variables that might be correlated with the presence of urolithiasis; male gender, high BMI and presence of HT emerged as being significantly associated with urolithiasis. Conclusions: Although we showed that male gender, presence of HT and high BMI affect stone formation, no difference was demonstated in terms of presence of stone among patients consuming tap or natural spring water.

Keywords

Tap water; Natural spring water; Ultrasound; Urolithiasis

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Submitted: 2014-10-10 11:18:51
Published: 2014-09-30 00:00:00
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Copyright (c) 2014 Mustafa Resorlu, Muhammet Arslan, Eylem Burcu Resorlu, Murat Tolga Gulpinar, Gurhan Adam, Eyup Burak Sancak, Alpaslan Akbas, Nilufer Aylanc, Huseyin Ozdemir

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