Evaluation of various active surveillance protocols in prostate cancer

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Kayhan Yılmaz *
Tahir Karadeniz
Orkunt Özkaptan
Oguz Yilanoglu
(*) Corresponding Author:
Kayhan Yılmaz | kayhany@gmail.com


Objective: This study aims to investigate whether pathology results obtained by radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) were correlated with active surveillance (AS) criteria defined by Klotz, Soloway and D’Amico. Materials and Methods: In our clinic we evaluated 211 patients with diagnosis of localized prostate cancer who underwent RRP between 2007 and 2012. AS criteria defined by Soloway (cT ≤ T2, PSA ≤ 15 ng/dl, Gleason ≤ 6), Klotz (cT1c-T2a; if age ≥ 70 PSA ≤ 15 ng/dl, if age < 70 PSA ≤ 10 ng/dl; if age ≥ 70 Gleason ≤ 7(3+4), if age < 70 Gleason ≤ 6) and D’Amico (cT1c-T2a, PSA ≤ 10 ng/dl, Gleason ≤ 6) were used in our study. Pathological stages and Gleason scores were evaluated with coherence to AS protocols, mis-staging rates, biochemical recurrence (BC) of the mis-staged patients and death due to prostate cancer Data was analyzed using NCSS 2007 & PASS 2008 Statistical Software (Utah, USA). Chi square test and Mann-Whitney U test were applied for analyzing qualitative data. Significance was determined as p < 0.05. Results: 137 (64.9%) patients were coherent with Soloway AS criteria, 118 (55.9%) with Klotz AS criteria and 108 (51.1%) with D’Amico AS criteria. Histopathological results of the patients grouped according to Soloway, Klotz and D’Amico AS protocols showed high stage prostate cancer in 40 (29.2%), 32 (27%) and 27 (24.9%) patients, respectively. High grade prostate cancer rates in Soloway, Klotz, D’Amico groups were 55 (40.2%), 46 (38%) and 39 (36.1%); respectively. Misstaging rates of Soloway, Klotz and D’Amico AS protocols were determined as 65 (47.4%), 54 (45.5%) and 46 (42.5%), respectively. In the Soloway group BC rate was 21.9% in those with high stages. Relation between BC and high stage was found to be statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Misstaging rates were relatively high in the three groups and there was no difference between the three groups in BC rates. Randomized studies with adequate follow up are needed.

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