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Evaluation of various active surveillance protocols in prostate cancer

Kayhan Yılmaz, Tahir Karadeniz, Orkunt Özkaptan, Oguz Yilanoglu
  • Tahir Karadeniz
    Medicana Hospital Group Istanbul, Turkey
  • Orkunt Özkaptan
    Kastamonu State Hospital, Turkey
  • Oguz Yilanoglu
    Hatay Dörtyol State Hospital, Turkey

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to investigate whether pathology results obtained by radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) were correlated with active surveillance (AS) criteria defined by Klotz, Soloway and D’Amico. Materials and Methods: In our clinic we evaluated 211 patients with diagnosis of localized prostate cancer who underwent RRP between 2007 and 2012. AS criteria defined by Soloway (cT ≤ T2, PSA ≤ 15 ng/dl, Gleason ≤ 6), Klotz (cT1c-T2a; if age ≥ 70 PSA ≤ 15 ng/dl, if age < 70 PSA ≤ 10 ng/dl; if age ≥ 70 Gleason ≤ 7(3+4), if age < 70 Gleason ≤ 6) and D’Amico (cT1c-T2a, PSA ≤ 10 ng/dl, Gleason ≤ 6) were used in our study. Pathological stages and Gleason scores were evaluated with coherence to AS protocols, mis-staging rates, biochemical recurrence (BC) of the mis-staged patients and death due to prostate cancer Data was analyzed using NCSS 2007 & PASS 2008 Statistical Software (Utah, USA). Chi square test and Mann-Whitney U test were applied for analyzing qualitative data. Significance was determined as p < 0.05. Results: 137 (64.9%) patients were coherent with Soloway AS criteria, 118 (55.9%) with Klotz AS criteria and 108 (51.1%) with D’Amico AS criteria. Histopathological results of the patients grouped according to Soloway, Klotz and D’Amico AS protocols showed high stage prostate cancer in 40 (29.2%), 32 (27%) and 27 (24.9%) patients, respectively. High grade prostate cancer rates in Soloway, Klotz, D’Amico groups were 55 (40.2%), 46 (38%) and 39 (36.1%); respectively. Misstaging rates of Soloway, Klotz and D’Amico AS protocols were determined as 65 (47.4%), 54 (45.5%) and 46 (42.5%), respectively. In the Soloway group BC rate was 21.9% in those with high stages. Relation between BC and high stage was found to be statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Misstaging rates were relatively high in the three groups and there was no difference between the three groups in BC rates. Randomized studies with adequate follow up are needed.

Keywords

Active surveillance; Prostate cancer; Radical prostatectomy

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Submitted: 2014-07-09 15:59:21
Published: 2014-06-30 00:00:00
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Copyright (c) 2014 Kayhan Yılmaz, Tahir Karadeniz, Orkunt Özkaptan, Oguz Yilanoglu

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