Antioxidant cosupplementation therapy with vitamin C, vitamin E, and coenzyme Q10 in patients with oligoasthenozoospermia

  • Yoshitomo Kobori | ykobori@dokkyomed.ac.jp Department of Urology, Dokkyo Medical University, Koshigaya Hospital, Japan.
  • Shigeyuki Ota Department of Urology, Dokkyo Medical University, Koshigaya Hospital, Japan.
  • Ryo Sato Department of Urology, Dokkyo Medical University, Koshigaya Hospital, Japan.
  • Hiroshi Yagi Department of Urology, Dokkyo Medical University, Koshigaya Hospital, Japan.
  • Shigehiro Soh Department of Urology, Dokkyo Medical University, Koshigaya Hospital, Japan.
  • Gaku Arai Department of Urology, Dokkyo Medical University, Koshigaya Hospital, Japan.
  • Hiroshi Okada Department of Urology, Dokkyo Medical University, Koshigaya Hospital, Japan.

Abstract

Objective: Overproduction of reactive oxygen species results in oxidative stress, a deleterious process that damages cell structure as well as lipids, proteins, and DNA. Oxidative stress plays a major role in various human diseases, such as oligoasthenozoospermia syndrome. Materials and methods: We evaluated the effectiveness of antioxidant co-supplementation therapy using vitamin C, vitamin E, and coenzyme Q10 in men with oligoasthenozoospermia. Overall, 169 infertile men with oligoasthenozoospermia received antioxidant therapy with 80 mg/day vitamin C, 40 mg/day vitamin E, and 120 mg/day coenzyme Q10. We evaluated spermiogram parameters at baseline and at 3 and 6 months of follow-up. Results: Significant improvements were evident in sperm concentration and motility following coenzyme Q10 therapy. Treatment resulted in 48 (28.4%) partner pregnancies, of which 16 (9.5%) were spontaneous. Significant improvements in sperm cell concentration and sperm motility were observed after 3 and 6 months of treatment. Conclusions: Vitamin C, vitamin E, and coenzyme Q10 supplementation resulted in a significant improvement in certain semen parameters. However, further studies are needed to empirically determine the effect of supplementation on pregnancy rate.

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Published
2014-03-28
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Original Papers - Andrology
Keywords:
Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Coenzyme Q10, Male infertility
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How to Cite
Kobori, Y., Ota, S., Sato, R., Yagi, H., Soh, S., Arai, G., & Okada, H. (2014). Antioxidant cosupplementation therapy with vitamin C, vitamin E, and coenzyme Q10 in patients with oligoasthenozoospermia. Archivio Italiano Di Urologia E Andrologia, 86(1), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.4081/aiua.2014.1.1