Specificity of diatom communities attached on the carapace of the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis)

  • Vincent Roubeix | vincent.roubeix@laposte.net HydroBioStat, Aix-en-Provence, France. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3809-8678
  • Lucie Attia DREAL Occitanie, Laboratoire d’Hydrobiologie, Toulouse , France.
  • Rémy Chavaux DREAL Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Laboratoire d'Hydrobiologie, Lyon, France.
  • Frank Very DREAL Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Laboratoire d'Hydrobiologie, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
  • Anthony Olivier La Tour du Valat, Institut de Recherche pour la Conservation des Zones Humides Méditerranéennes, Le Sambuc, Arles, France.
  • Luc Ector Environmental Research and Innovation (ERIN) Department, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Belvaux, Luxembourg.
  • Véronique Vassal DREAL PACA, Laboratoire d’Hydrobiologie, Pôle d’activités Les Milles, Aix-en-Provence, France.

Abstract

Periphytic diatoms growing on aquatic turtle carapaces provide an interesting example of biofouling on an animal substrate. This study dealt with the question of the specificity of epizoic diatom communities for the case of the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis) and across five water bodies in South-Eastern France. 375 diatom taxa have been identified on the European pond turtle carapace. The results showed that the epizoic communities of the five sites were significantly different from each other. The epizoic diatom communities could be clearly distinguished from epilithic and epiphytic communities only in two out of five sites. The differences in composition at the two sites resulted from the greater abundance of some species and life forms. However, the characteristic pattern of diatom communities on the carapaces was not the same at the two sites. It therefore appeared that the European pond turtle’s carapace did not harbour specific diatom communities and can rather be considered a neutral substrate.

Dimensions

Altmetric

PlumX Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akgul R, Caprazli T, Turker N, Erduğan H, Tosunoğlu M, 2014. Epizoic algae on Emys orbicularis (LINNAEUS, 1758), and Mauremys rivulata (VALENCIENNES, 1833), in the Kayak River Delta (Saros Bay, Turkey) (Testudines: Emydidae, Geoemydidae). Herpetozoa 27:21-28.

Amsler CD, Moeller CB, McClintock JB, Iken KB, Baker BJ, 2000. Chemical defenses against diatom fouling in Antarctic marine sponges. Biofouling 16:29-45.

Anderson MJ, 2001. A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance. Austral Ecol. 26:32-46.

Biggs BJF, Stevenson RJ, Lowe RL, 1998. A habitat matrix conceptual model for stream periphyton. Arch. Hydrobiol. 143:21-56.

Blindow I, 1987. The composition and density of epiphyton on several species of submerged macrophytes - the neutral substrate hypothesis tested. Aquat. Bot. 29:157-168.

Cadi A, Nemoz M, Thienpont S, Joly P, 2008. Annual home range and movement in freshwater turtles: management of the endangered European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis). Rev. Esp. Herp. 22:71-86.

Di Trani C, Zuffi MAL, 1997. Thermoregulation of the European pond turtle Emys orbicularis, in central Italy. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2:428-430.

Donato J, González-Trujillo J, Romero B, Castro Rebolledo M, 2018. Diatom assemblages associated with turtle carapaces in the Neotropical region. Rev. Biol. Trop. 66:1362-1372.

Dufrêne M, Legendre P, 1997. Species assemblages and indicator species: the need for a flexible asymmetrical approach. Ecol. Monogr. 67:345-366.

Edgren RA, Edgren MK, Tiffany LH, 1953. Some North American turtles and their epizoophytic algae. Ecology 34:733-740.

Ersanli ET, Gonulol A, 2014. Epizoophyte composition on spotted turtle Emys orbicularis (Linnaeus, 1758) in Turkey. Bangladesh J. Bot. 43:157-161.

Fayolle S, Moriconi C, Oursel B, Koenig C, Suet M, Ficheux S, Logez M, Olivier A, 2016. Epizoic algae distribution on the carapace and plastron of the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis, Linnaeus, 1758): A study from the Camargue, France. Cryptogamie Algol. 37:221-232.

Frick M, Pfaller J, 2013. Sea turtle epibiosis, p. 399-426. In: J. Wyneken, K.J. Lohman, and J.A. Musick (eds.), The biology of sea turtles. Boca Raton.

Fuentes T, Olivier A, 2016. Movement records of the European pond turtles (Emys orbicularis) in the Camargue (southern France). Tour du Valat.

Irstea, 2013. [Protocole d’échantillonnage des communautés de phytobenthos en plans d’eau. Mise en œuvre de la Directive Cadre Européenne sur l’eau pour les plans d’eau].[in French]. Irstea, Bordeaux. Available from: https://hydrobio-dce.inrae.fr/telecharger/phytobenthos-plans-deau/

Lange-Bertalot H, Hofmann G, Werum M, Cantonati M, 2017. Freshwater benthic diatoms of Central Europe: Over 800 common species used in ecological assessment. English edition with updated taxonomy and added species. Koeltz Botanical Books, Schmitten-Oberreifenberg: 942 pp.

Majewska R, Santoro M, Bolaños F, Chaves G, De Stefano M, 2015. Diatoms and other epibionts associated with Olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) sea turtles from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. PLoS One 10:1-15.

Majewska R, Robert K, Van de Vijver B, Nel R, 2020. A new species of Lucanicum (Cyclophorales, Bacillariophyta) associated with loggerhead sea turtles from South Africa. Bot. Lett. 167:7-14.

Naulleau G, 1992. Study of terrestrial activity and aestivation in Emys orbicularis (Reptilia, Chelonia) using telemetry, p. 343–346. In: Z. Korsos and I. Kiss (eds.), Proceedings of the 6th ordinary general meeting of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica, Budapest.

Neil WT, Allen ER, 1954. Algae on turtles: some additional considerations. Ecology 35:581-584.

Oksanen J, Blanchet FG, Friendly M, Kindt R, Legendre P, McGlinn D, Minchin PR, O’Hara RB, Simpson GL, Solymos P, Stevens MHH, Szoecs E, Wagner H, 2019. vegan: Community Ecology Package. R package version 2.5-4.

Owen-Jones Z, Priol P, Thienpont S, Cheylan M, Sauret G, Coïc C, Besnard A, 2015. The contrasting effects of short- and long-term habitat drainage on the population dynamics of freshwater turtles in a human-dominated landscape. Freshwater Biol. 61:121-132.

Passy SI, 2007. Diatom ecological guilds display distinct and predictable behavior along nutrient and disturbance gradients in running waters. Aquat. Bot. 86:171-178.

Poulíčková A, Manoylov K, 2019. Ecology of freshwater diatoms – Current trends and applications, p. 289–309. In: J. Seckbach and R. Gordon (eds.), Diatoms: Fundamentals and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Rhodin AG, Stanford CB, van Dijk PP, Eisemberg C, Luiselli L, Mittermeier RA, et al, 2018. Global conservation status of turtles and tortoises (Order Testudines). Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 17:135-161.

Rimet F, Bouchez A, 2012. Life-forms, cell-sizes and ecological guilds of diatoms in European rivers. Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ec. 406:1.

Roberts DW, 2019. labdsv: Ordination and multivariate analysis for ecology.

Robinson NJ, Majewska R, Lazo-Wasem EA, Nel R, Paladino FV, Rojas L, Zardus JD, Pinou T, 2016. Epibiotic diatoms are universally present on all Sea turtle species. PLoS One 11:1-8.

Rovero F, Chelazzi G, 1996. Nesting migrations in a population of Emys orbicularis (L.) (Chelonia Emydidae) from central Italy. Ethol. Ecol. Evol. 8:297-304.

Soylu E, Gönülol A, Sukatar A, Ayaz D, Tok C, 2006. Epizoic Freshwater Algae on Emys orbicularis (Testudinata: Emydidae) from the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey. J. Freshwater Ecol. 21:535-538.

Thienpont S, 2020. Plan National d’Actions en faveur de la Cistude d’Europe (Emys orbicularis) 2020-2029. Société Herpétologique de France. Ministère de la Transition Ecologique. 103 pp.

Vassal V, Ector L, Van de Vijver B, Roubeix V, Olivier A, Pauvert S, Roy C, Fayolle S, 2021. Pond turtle carapaces, an alternative natural substrate for the use of a diatom-based water quality index. Bot. Lett. 168:18-24.

Vidakovic D, Dimitrijevic J, Krizmanic I, Krizmanic J, 2018. Diatoms on the carapace of European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis) in Vojvodina. Proceedings of the VII Balkan Botanical Congress, Novi Sad.

Wahl M, 1989. Marine epibiosis. I. Fouling and antifouling: some basic aspects. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 58:175-189.

Wahl M, 2008. Ecological lever and interface ecology: epibiosis modulates the interactions between host and environment. Biofouling 24:427-438.

Wahl M, Mark O, 1999. The predominantly facultative nature of epibiosis: experimental and observational evidence. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 187:59-66.

Wetzel CE, Van de Vijver B, Ector L, 2010. Luticola deniseae sp. nov. A new epizoic diatom from the Rio Negro (Amazon hydrographic basin). Vie Milieu 60:177-184.

Wetzel CE, Van de Vijver B, Cox EJ, Bicudo DC, Ector L, 2012. Tursiocola podocnemicola sp. nov., a new epizoic freshwater diatom species from the Rio Negro in the Brazilian Amazon Basin. Diatom Res. 27:1-8.

Wu SC, Bergey EA, 2017. Diatoms on the carapace of common snapping turtles: Luticola spp. dominate despite spatial variation in assemblages. PLoS One 12:e0171910.

Published
2021-03-29
Info
Issue
Section
Articles
Supporting Agencies
DREAL ¨PACA
Keywords:
Emys orbicularis, epizoic habitat, microalgae, selection, specificity
Statistics
  • Abstract views: 183

  • PDF: 102
  • Supplementary 1: 0
  • Supplementary 2: 0
How to Cite
Roubeix, V., Attia, L., Chavaux, R., Very, F., Olivier, A., Ector, L., & Vassal, V. (2021). Specificity of diatom communities attached on the carapace of the European pond turtle (<em>Emys orbicularis</em&gt;). Advances in Oceanography and Limnology, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/aiol.2021.9119