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Neurohypophyseal hormones: novel actors of striated muscle development and homeostasis

Alessandra Costa, Eleonora Rossi, Bianca Maria Scicchitano, Dario Coletti, Viviana Moresi, Sergio Adamo
  • Alessandra Costa
    Histology and Medical Embryology Section, Dept. AHFMO, Sapienza University, Rome; I.I.M., Interuniversity Institute of Myology, Italy
  • Eleonora Rossi
    Histology and Medical Embryology Section, Dept. AHFMO, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
  • Bianca Maria Scicchitano
    Histology and Medical Embryology Section, Dept. AHFMO, Sapienza University, Rome; I.I.M., Interuniversity Institute of Myology; Institute of Histology and Embryology, Catholic University School of Medicine, Rome, Italy
  • Dario Coletti
    Histology and Medical Embryology Section, Dept. AHFMO, Sapienza University, Rome; I.I.M., Interuniversity Institute of Myology, Italy
  • Viviana Moresi
    Histology and Medical Embryology Section, Dept. AHFMO, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
  • Sergio Adamo
    Histology and Medical Embryology Section, Dept. AHFMO, Sapienza University, Rome; I.I.M., Interuniversity Institute of Myology, Italy | sergio.adamo@uniroma1.it

Abstract

Since the 1980's, novel functional roles of the neurohypophyseal hormones vasopressin and oxytocin have emerged. Several studies have investigated the effects of these two neurohormones on striated muscle tissues, both in vitro and in vivo. The effects of vasopressin on skeletal myogenic cells, developing muscle and muscle homeostasis have been documented. Oxytocin appears to have a greater influence on cardiomyocite differentiation and heart homeostasis. This review summarizes the studies on these novel roles of the two neurohypophyseal hormones, and open the possibility of new therapeutic approaches for diseases affecting striated muscle.

Keywords

Arginine-vasopressin, oxytocin, skeletal myogenic cells and cardiomyocite differentiation and homeostasis, receptors and signal transduction mechanisms

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Submitted: 2014-04-15 13:45:26
Published: 2014-09-22 13:10:14
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Copyright (c) 2014 Alessandra Costa, Eleonora Rossi, Bianca Maria Scicchitano, Dario Coletti, Viviana Moresi, Sergio Adamo

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