A brief account of A.V. Hill’s contribution to our understanding of muscle contraction is given. This includes an overview of discoveries that led to solving the problem how chemical events provide the energy for mechanical work. Hill helped to train and educate a generation of scientists to use concise mathematical treatment of biological phenomena. He also taught his students moral values important when pursuing research. Finally Hill’s deep belief in the international nature of scientific work and his human qualities led him to join Lord Rutherford to become founder member of the Academic Assistance Council, an organization that rescued around 1500 academics from Nazi occupied Europe during the Second World War. With all these activities taken together Hill can be considered a person who made an exceptionally important contribution to the cultural and scientific life of the 20th and 21st century.
muscle contraction; energy for mechanical work; Academic Assistance Council