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Incidentally detection of non-palpable testicular nodules at scrotal ultrasound: What is new?

Massimo Valentino, Michele Bertolotto, Pasquale Martino, Libero Barozzi, Pietro Pavlica
  • Michele Bertolotto
    Dipartimento di Radiologia, Università di Trieste, Trieste, Italy
  • Pasquale Martino
    UO di Urologia I Universitaria, Università di Bari, Italy
  • Libero Barozzi
    UO di Radiologia, Ospedale Maggiore, Bologna, Italy
  • Pietro Pavlica
    GVM Care and Research, Villalba Hospital, Bologna, Italy


The increased use of ultrasound in patients with urological and andrological symptoms has given an higher detection of intra-testicular nodules. Most of these lesions are hypoechoic and their interpretation is often equivocal. Recently, new ultrasound techniques have been developed alongside of B-mode and color-Doppler ultrasound. Although not completely standardized, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and tissue elastography (TE), added to traditional ultrasonography, can provide useful information about the correct interpretation of incidentally detected non-palpable testicular nodules. The purpose of this review article is to illustrate these new techniques in the patient management.


Testicular lesions; Ultrasound; Contrast enhanced ultrasound; Elastography

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Submitted: 2015-01-23 16:09:07
Published: 2014-12-30 00:00:00
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Copyright (c) 2014 Massimo Valentino, Michele Bertolotto, Pasquale Martino, Libero Barozzi, Pietro Pavlica

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