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Primitive robotic procedures: Automotions for medical liquids in 12th century Asia minor

Necmettin Penbegul, Murat Atar, Muammer Kendirci, Yasar Bozkurt, Namık Kemal Hatipoglu, Ayhan Verit, Ates Kadıoglu
  • Necmettin Penbegul
    Dicle University, Medical Faculty, Dept. of Urology, Diyarbakir, Turkey
  • Murat Atar
    Dicle University, Medical Faculty, Dept. of Urology, Diyarbakir, Turkey
  • Muammer Kendirci
    Liv Hospital Hospital, Dept. of Urology, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Yasar Bozkurt
    Dicle University, Medical Faculty, Dept. of Urology, Diyarbakir, Turkey
  • Namık Kemal Hatipoglu
    Dicle University, Medical Faculty, Dept. of Urology, Diyarbakir, Turkey
  • Ayhan Verit
    Fatih Sultan Mehmet Research and Training Hospital, Dept. of Urology, Istanbul, Turkey | veritayhan@yahoo.com
  • Ates Kadıoglu
    Istanbul University, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Dept. of Urology, Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract

In recent years, day by day, robotic surgery applications have increase their role in our medical life. In this article, we reported the discovery of the first primitive robotic applications as automatic machines for the sensitive calculation of liquids such as blood in the literature. Al-Jazari who wrote the book “Elcâmi ‘Beyne’l - ‘ilm ve’l - ‘amel en-nâfi ‘fi es-sınaâ ‘ti’l - hiyel”, lived in Anatolian territory between 1136 and 1206. In this book that was written in the twelfth century, Al-Jazari described nearly fifty graphics of robotic machines and six of them that were designed for medical purposes. We found that some of the robots mentioned in this book are related to medical applications. This book reviews approximately 50 devices, including water clocks, candle clocks, ewers, various automata used for amusement in drink assemblies, automata used for ablution, blood collection tanks, fountains, music devices, devices for water lifting, locks, a protractor, a boat-shaped water clock, and the gate of Diyarbakir City in south-east of Turkey, actually in northern Mesopotamia. We found that automata used for ablution and blood collection tanks were related with medical applications; therefore, we will describe these robots.

Keywords

Robots; History of Urology; Robotic surgery

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Submitted: 2015-01-23 14:04:07
Published: 2014-12-30 00:00:00
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Copyright (c) 2014 Necmettin Penbegul, Murat Atar, Muammer Kendirci, Yasar Bozkurt, Namık Kemal Hatipoglu, Ayhan Verit, Ates Kadıoglu

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