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Urolithiasis in Italy: An epidemiological study

Domenico Prezioso, Ester Illiano, Gaetano Piccinocchi, Claudio Cricelli, Roberto Piccinocchi, Alberto Saita, Carla Micheli, Alberto Trinchieri
  • Domenico Prezioso
    Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Sciences and Dentistry, University Federico II of Naples, Naples, Italy | domenico.prezioso2@unina.it
  • Ester Illiano
    Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Sciences and Dentistry, University Federico II of Naples, Naples, Italy
  • Gaetano Piccinocchi
    SIMG, Italian Society of General Medicine, Italy
  • Claudio Cricelli
    SIMG, Italian Society of General Medicine, Italy
  • Roberto Piccinocchi
    University “Campus Biomedico” of Rome, Rome, Italy
  • Alberto Saita
    Department of Urology, “Vittorio Emanuele Hospital”, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
  • Carla Micheli
    Department of Urology and Andrology, Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
  • Alberto Trinchieri
    Department of Urology Alessandro Manzoni Hospital of Lecco, Lecco, Italy

Abstract

Objectives: Worldwide the urolithiasis is the third most frequent urological disease affecting both males and females. In literature there are not recent Italian epidemiological data about stone disease. The objective of this study is the evaluation of current epidemiology of urolithiasis in Italy using the Health Search/CSD Longitudinal Patient Database (HS) database. Material and methods: An observational, descriptive, retrospective trial was conducted. Inclusion criteria were: family physician- assisted Italian living population member of HS database within 31 December 2012, both genders, age over 17 years, at least two years of clinical history recorded from the beginning the trial. Data were collected by HS database and elaborated by its software Millewin®. Results: In Italy prevalence of urolithiasis in 2012 was 4.14%, it was higher in males than in females (4.53% versus 3.78%) with a positive relation with increasing age. The highest prevalence rate of urolithiasis was reported in the region Campania (6.08%). The general incidence was 2.23 *1000, with the highest incidence in the region Sicilia (3.15 *1000). Incidence was higher in group age 65-74 years (3.18 *1000). Conclusions: In Italy the incidence and prevalence of urolithiasis is increasing with particular distribution in relation to gender, age and regional position.

Keywords

Urolithiasis, prevalence; Incidence; Epidemiological trial

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Submitted: 2014-07-09 16:35:15
Published: 2014-06-30 00:00:00
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Copyright (c) 2014 Domenico Prezioso, Ester Illiano, Gaetano Piccinocchi, Claudio Cricelli, Roberto Piccinocchi, Alberto Saita, Carla Micheli, Alberto Trinchieri

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