Cover Image

Painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis: Aetiology, evaluation and management

William Rourke, Shahid Aziz Anwer Khan, Kamran Ahmed, Shikohe Masood, Prokar Dasgupta, Muhammad Shamim Khan
  • William Rourke
    MRC Centre for Transplantation, King’s College London; Department of Urology, Guy’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom
  • Shahid Aziz Anwer Khan
    East Surrey Hospital, Canada Ave, Redhill, United Kingdom | saak_2000@yahoo.co.uk
  • Kamran Ahmed
    MRC Centre for Transplantation, King’s College London; Department of Urology, Guy’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom
  • Shikohe Masood
    Medway Maritime Hospital, Windmill Road, Gillingham, Kent, United Kingdom
  • Prokar Dasgupta
    MRC Centre for Transplantation, King’s College London; Department of Urology, Guy’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom
  • Muhammad Shamim Khan
    MRC Centre for Transplantation, King’s College London; Department of Urology, Guy’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom

Abstract

Interstitial cystitis or bladder pain syndrome (BPS) is often a chronic debilitating condition characterised by predominantly storage symptoms and associated frequently with pelvic pain that varies with bladder filling. The aetiology is uncertain as the condition occurs in the absence of a urinary tract infection or other obvious pathology. Resulting discomfort may vary and ranges from abdominal tenderness to intense bladder spasms. Diagnosis and management of this syndrome may be difficult and is often made by its typical cystoscopic features. This review discusses the diagnosis and management of interstitial cystitis according to the current available best evidence and advises a multimodal approach in its management.

Keywords

Bladder pain syndrome; Interstitial cystitis; Chronic Pelvic; Treatment; Management; Diagnosis

Full Text:

PDF
Submitted: 2014-07-09 16:56:44
Published: 2014-06-30 00:00:00
Search for citations in Google Scholar
Related articles: Google Scholar
Abstract views:
2540

Views:
PDF
1229

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Copyright (c) 2014 William Rourke, Shahid Aziz Anwer Khan, Kamran Ahmed, Shikohe Masood, Prokar Dasgupta, Muhammad Shamim Khan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
 
© PAGEPress 2008-2018     -     PAGEPress is a registered trademark property of PAGEPress srl, Italy.     -     VAT: IT02125780185