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Toxic cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins in European waters – recent progress achieved through the CYANOCOST Action and challenges for further research

Jussi Meriluoto, Ludek Blaha, Gorenka Bojadzija, Myriam Bormans, Luc Brient, Geoffrey A. Codd, Damjana Drobac, Elisabeth J. Faassen, Jutta Fastner, Anastasia Hiskia, Bastiaan W. Ibelings, Triantafyllos Kaloudis, Mikolaj Kokocinski, Rainer Kurmayer, Dijana Pantelić, Antonio Quesada, Nico Salmaso, Nada Tokodi, Theodoros M. Triantis, Petra M. Visser, Zorica Svirčev
  • Jussi Meriluoto
    Åbo Akademi University, Biochemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Finland | jussi.meriluoto@abo.fi
  • Ludek Blaha
    Masaryk University, RECETOX, Faculty of Science,, Czech Republic
  • Gorenka Bojadzija
    Université de Rennes, France
  • Myriam Bormans
    Université de Rennes, France
  • Luc Brient
    Université de Rennes, France
  • Geoffrey A. Codd
    University of Stirling, Biological and Environmental Sciences, United Kingdom
  • Damjana Drobac
    University of Novi Sad, Laboratory for Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction, Faculty of Sciences, Serbia
  • Elisabeth J. Faassen
    Wageningen University, Aquatic Ecology & Water Quality Management Group, Netherlands
  • Jutta Fastner
    German Environment Agency, Section Drinking Water Resources and Water Treatment, Germany
  • Anastasia Hiskia
    National Center for Scientific Research “DEMOKRITOS”, Institute of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, Greece
  • Bastiaan W. Ibelings
    University of Geneva, Department F-A Forel for Environmental and Aquatic Sciences and Institute for Environmental Sciences, Switzerland
  • Triantafyllos Kaloudis
    Water Supply and Sewerage Company, Department of Water Quality Control, Greece
  • Mikolaj Kokocinski
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Department of Hydrobiology, Poland
  • Rainer Kurmayer
    University of Innsbruck, Research Institute of Limnology, Austria
  • Dijana Pantelić
    University of Novi Sad, Laboratory for Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction, Serbia
  • Antonio Quesada
    Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Department of Biology, Spain
  • Nico Salmaso
    Fondazione Edmund Mach, Department of Sustainable Agrosystems and Bioresources, Italy
  • Nada Tokodi
    University of Novi Sad, Laboratory for Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction, Serbia
  • Theodoros M. Triantis
    National Center for Scientific Research “DEMOKRITOS,” Institute of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, Greece
  • Petra M. Visser
    University of Amsterdam, Department of Aquatic Microbiology, Netherlands
  • Zorica Svirčev
    University of Novi Sad, Laboratory for Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction, Serbia

Abstract

This review aims to summarise the outcomes of some recent European research concerning toxic cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins, with an emphasis on developments within the framework of the CYANOCOST Action (COST Action ES1105, Cyanobacterial Blooms and Toxins in Water Resources: Occurrence, Impacts and Management). State of the art research and management capabilities in Europe on cyanobacteria have benefitted from input from the pure and applied life sciences, the human and animal health sectors, water engineers, economists and planners. Many of these professional groups have been brought together and they interacted favourably within the framework of CYANOCOST.

Highlights of the Action include phycological and ecological studies, development of advanced techniques for cyanotoxin analysis, elucidation of cyanotoxin modes of action, management techniques to reduce cyanobacterial mass development, and research on methods and practices for cyanotoxin removal during drinking water treatment. The CYANOCOST Action has had an active outreach policy throughout its lifetime, resulting in e.g. three handbooks, two special issues in scientific journals and activities in the social media. The many contact channels to end-users, including environmental and drinking water supply authorities, health professionals and the general public are described in this review.

Furthermore, the authors have identified a number of gaps in knowledge. Proposed  directions for  future research in the field of toxic cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins are also discussed. 

Keywords

Cyanobacteria; cyanotoxins

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Submitted: 2016-11-29 10:54:39
Published: 2017-05-03 10:49:56
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Copyright (c) 2017 Jussi Meriluoto, Ludek Blaha, Gorenka Gorenka Bojadzija, Myriam Bormans, Luc Brient, Geoffrey A. Codd, Damjana Drobac, Elisabeth J. Faassen, Jutta Fastner, Anastasia Hiskia, Bastiaan W. Ibelings, Triantafyllos Kaloudis, Mikolaj Kokocinski, Rainer Kurmayer, Dijana Pantelić, Antonio Quesada, Nico Salmaso, Nada Tokodi, Theodoros M. Triantis, Petra M. Visser, Zorica Svirčev

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